THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL SITE AT CAPE SAINT ATANAS IS THE TIME CAPSULE OF BYALA
During the last two archaeological seasons, the scientists have been studying the field south of the basilica.
The most important discovery of season 2014 is the center for ceramics production from IV-V century. The center includes a well-preserved two-chamber pottery kiln and part of the production in it, housing facility for the preparation and processing of pottery and various accessories used by the craftsmen. The latter are rarely found in archaeological excavations.
Another great discovery of 2014 is part of the earliest fortification wall of the fortress (III-IV century). Its study has continued in archaeological season 2015. The archaeologists found also part of the road infrastructure of the Antique fortress, but from a later period – VI century.
Special interest provoked two residential buildings with unusually large area for the research site. The buildings were richly decorated – the walls and floors were of different colored screeds, an expensive practice for that time. Several pitos with ornamentation and inscriptions in ancient Greek were found as well. Other artifacts from the buildings include numerous ceramic lamps; rings and jewelry; fibulas; coins, including golden; ekzagii (old control weights for coins), pottery vessels and others. The archaeologists believe that the houses belonged to wealthy residents of the Antique fortress.
Although six archaeological seasons have past, the site continues to surprise with its increasingly complicating stratigraphy. Overlapped are several architectural and construction periods broadly dating from the VI century BC. until VII century AD. These new findings raise more questions than answers. Archaeologists are of the opinion that in order to explain this interweaving of walls and streets that had continued for more than 11 centuries, it is necessary to study the neighboring areas as well, which unfortunately at this stage are private property.
“Every dig we make takes us back to the rich history of our region. Each artifact uncovered brings historical record, starting from the VI century BC. and continuing to this day. The archaeological site at Cape St. Atanas deserves more attention and support from the state because it brings real, tangible contribution to the writing of not only local but also national history,” says Deyan Yanchev, Director of the Municipal Cultural Institute /Museum/ – Byala.